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Geography of Daman

Located between 20o22'00" to 20o27'25" North Latitude and 72o49'42" to 72o54'43" East Longitude, on the west coast of India, Daman occupies an area of about 72 square kilometres. The Daman Ganga River divides Daman into two parts- Moti Daman to the south and Nani Daman to the north. Home to a number of bewitching beaches, historical ruins, sleepy villages, palm groves and many more attractions, Daman is truly a paradise for the tourists. It is a perfect getaway for those seeking calmness and solitude amidst the company of nature, away from the maddening crowds of a city.

Climate of Daman

Daman enjoys a mild and moderate climate throughout the year. Due to its proximity to the sea, it experiences high humidity. In summer, from March to May, the average temperature is about 26°C to 37°C. May is generally the hottest month and experiences high temperatures. The average temperature in winter from November to February is between 10°C and 32°C, with January being the coldest month. However, sometimes, due to cold winds, the temperature here might even fall below 7°C. Daman experiences moderate to heavy rainfall from June to September. Though Daman can be visited throughout the year, the best time to visit it would be during the winter season from November to February, when the temperature is pleasant and one can enjoy nature at its best.

Topography of Daman

Daman, at the mouth of river Daman Ganga has a unique and enchanting topography that makes it a popular destination among the tourists. It is surrounded by Valsad district of Gujarat on the north, east and south and the Arabian Sea to its west. Bhagwan, Kalem and Daman Ganga are the major rivers in Daman, all of them flowing towards the west. The Daman Ganga is an important river that divides Daman into two parts – Moti Daman (Big Daman) and Nani Daman (Small Daman), both connected to each other by a bridge.

Bridge connecting Mati Daman and Nani Daman

Soil and Vegetation in Daman

Daman lies on an alluvial coastal plain. The major areas of Daman are covered by black soil. The sandy and clayey nature of soil gives rise to occurrence of basalt on a large scale. The soil is moist and fertile, and is conducive to the growth of paddy, ragi, groundnut, pulses and beans, wheat, banana, sapota, mango, coconut etc. Thorny scrubs and palm trees are found scattered in the coastal areas. The Damanganga project has been undertaken to tap surface water, to improve the irrigation facilities and increase the yield by following double cropping methods.

Demography of Daman

According to the 2011 census carried out by the Government of India, Daman had a population of about 191,173, of which there were 124,659 male and 66,514 female. It had a literacy rate of about 88.07%. It had a sex ratio of 534 per 1000 male. The population density is 2,655 per square kilometre.

Geographical Inputs about Daman

Country: India
Union Territory: Daman & Diu
District: Daman
Altitude: 12 m
Area: 72km2
Location: 20o22'00" to 20o27'25" North Latitude and 72o49'42" to 72o54'43" East Longitude
Winter temperature: about 10°C to 32°C
Summer temperature: about 26°C to 37°C
Best Time to visit: November to February
Languages spoken: English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Portuguese
Crops grown: paddy, ragi, groundnut, pulses, wheat etc
Major Rivers: Bhagwan, Kalem and Daman Ganga

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